Acne is a common, but embarrassing condition that many people struggle with. It is caused when bacteria is caught in a clogged pore, causing a minor infection. White blood cells rush to the site and die, forming pus which becomes a 'whitehead' pimple, also known as a closed comedone. Another type of pimple that occurs are 'blackheads,' or open comedones. These are caused in much the same way. There is a build up of sebum in the pore, but as the pore remains open and not clogged, there is not the subsequent infection and build up of pus.
In order to hide the problem, many women apply makeup to cover their blemishes. The makeup though can actually cause more harm than good as it further clogs the skin's pores. There are several acne treatments available today that can assist you so you can enjoy clear skin.
According to The Doctors, first, you need basic good skin care. Using a facial soap, make sure to cleanse your face well at the end of the day. Wash the makeup off and leave your pores plenty of time to breathe. Boca Raton and Ft. Lauderdale board certified dermatologist Dr. Janee Steinberg says, "Products for acne would include gentle cleansers and toners or products that include salicylic acid." If your acne is still stubborn, your dermatologist may suggest using a more aggressive cleansing treatment.
Your dermatologist will have several tools for clearing your skin ranging from medications to laser treatments. Isotretinoin is a medication that is a vitamin-A derivative for treating severe acne. Many physicians prefer not to prescribe it however because of associated risks that include depression, headaches and/or decreased night vision. More commonly, side effects include dry skin and mouth and dry, chapped lips. Isotretinoin can also cause birth defects, so women who may become pregnant should not ingest the drug.
"Sunscreens are essential in all of these treatments," says Dr. Steinberg. "It's especially important when a patient is treated with a laser. When that tissue is red and inflamed and that sun hits it, it can cause pigmentary problems." The dermatologist can suggest sunscreens that won't clog pores but will still protect the skin.
If medication isn't an option, acne lasers may be the solution. The Isolaz acne laser applies suction to the skin, pulling the pores closer to the light source. The light pulses, killing the acne causing bacteria. Patients see an immediate improvement and current breakouts are often visibly reduced within just one to two days. The amount of oil produced by the skin is reduced after just one treatment and continues with repeat sessions.
Work with your dermatologist to find the best solution for your acne troubles. While there is no one size fits all treatment, physicians have many tools at their disposal to find a way to give you great looking skin.